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发布时间:2021-10-13 07:49:03

At the end of 1896, several graduates of Cambridge University and Oxford University returned to their hometown of Madrid. They were surprised to find that, compared with the vigorous development of football in England, football in Spain is still in its enlightenment stage. People not only know little about the rules of football, but even professional football clubs have not yet appeared.


In order to popularize football in Madrid, these college graduates formally founded the Sky Football Team in early 1897. Since the city of Madrid has only this football team for a long time, people also refer to the Skye football team as The Society Football Team.


The founders of the Skye football team are all fresh graduates, and they do not have sufficient funds to recruit high-level players. Therefore, the main positioning of the Skye football team after its establishment is to hold an amateur football match once a week to promote football.


Julian Palacios

朱利安·帕拉西奥斯(Julian Palacios)

Over time, many long-sighted managers realized that the team’s development has already entered the wrong path. Only by actively seeking foreign partners and increasing the team’s capital reserves can the Skye football team grow into a professional soccer club. Soon after, Carlos Padrós, Juan Padrós and Julián Palacios formally expressed their hope that the team would emulate those successful English clubs. Look for shareholders who are willing to invest in football.


Regrettably, the Skye football team


After entering the 20th century, the city of Madrid has successively established many football teams. In order to establish the status of the team in the city of Madrid, Julian Palacios, the first chairman of the New Society Football Team, decided to learn from the precedent of the English team named after the city and change the name of the team to Madrid Football Club (Madrid Football Club).

进入20世纪之后,马德里市先后建立了许多足球队。为了确立球队在马德里市的地位,新社会足球队的第一任主席朱利安·帕拉西奥斯决定借鉴以这座城市命名的英格兰队的先例,并将球队的名称改为马德里足球俱乐部(Madrid Football Club)。

When Julian Palacios handed over the application documents for the name change to the Madrid Municipal Government, an unexpected episode occurred. Skye officials believe that the new society is not the first football team established by the city of Madrid, so they are not eligible for the right to be named after the city.

朱利安·帕拉西奥斯(Julian Palacios)将更改名称的申请文件移交给马德里市政府时,发生了意外事件。斯凯(Skye)官员认为,新社会并不是马德里市建立的第一支足球队,因此他们没有资格获得以马德里市命名的权利。

Madrid Football Club Logo


At that time, the new social football team had already obtained investment from many businessmen under Julian Palacios's concentrated management for several years, while the Skye football team had a serious shortage of funds due to its conservative business philosophy. The huge gap in economic strength caused the Madrid municipal government to selectively ignore the protest of the Skye football team, and finally formally approved the application for the new social football team's name change on March 6, 1902.

那时,新的社交足球队已经在朱利安·帕拉西奥斯(Julian Palacios)的集中管理下,从许多商人那里获得了投资,而斯凯足球队由于其保守的经营理念而严重缺乏资金。巨大的经济实力差距导致马德里市政府有选择地无视斯凯足球队的抗议,并最终于1902年3月6日正式批准了新社交足球队更名的申请。

Alfonso XIII in his childhood


In May 1902, Alfonso XIII, then King of Spain, came of age. According to regulations, the regent Maria Christina (Maria Christina) needs to hold a grand enthronement ceremony for the king and formally return the rule to Alfonso XIII.

1902年5月,当时的西班牙国王阿方索十三世成年。根据规定,摄政王玛丽亚·克里斯蒂娜(Maria Christina)需要为国王举行隆重的登基典礼,并将规则正式归还给阿方索十三世。

Carlos Padros

卡洛斯·帕德罗斯(Carlos Padros)

In order to celebrate the crowning of the King, Carlos Padros of the Madrid club suggested holding a football cup. The Cup started on May 13, 1902 and ended on May 16. Madrid Football Club lost to Barcelona 1:3 in the semifinals and finally finished third. Many fans regard this cup as the first season of the Copa del Rey, which is actually wrong. The Royal Spanish Football Association believes that the cup is just an informal game and should not be confused with the Copa del Rey opened in 1903.


In 1905, the Madrid Club defeated Athletic Bilbao 1-0 in the Copa del Rey final and won the first championship in team history. In the next three seasons, they continued to maintain their courageous performance in the Copa del Rey, defeating Athletic Bilbao, Vizcaya, and Vigo Sports to become the second team to permanently retain the Copa del Rey trophy. (The first team to permanently retain the championship trophy is Athletic Bilbao).

1905年,马德里俱乐部在国王杯决赛中以1-0击败毕尔巴鄂竞技,并赢得了队史上的第一个冠军。在接下来的三个赛季中,他们继续在雷神杯中保持勇敢的表现,击败毕尔巴鄂竞技,比斯开和维哥体育,成为第二个永久保留雷神奖杯的球队。 (第一支永久保留冠军奖杯的球队是毕尔巴鄂竞技队)。

Around 1900, Spanish football clubs with a certain degree of influence successively established their own small associations. All football clubs within the jurisdiction of the small associations will appoint special persons to jointly formulate football rules and issue a series of hardware for football games. Facilities standards. However, limited by the traffic conditions and the backward communication facilities, there were many differences in the rules formulated by the various Spanish football associations at that time, which also increased the difficulty of hosting the Copa del Rey.


Adolf Melondes


In order to ensure the steady development of football in Spain, since 1902, a number of large-scale clubs have begun to plan to establish a leading national football association. On October 4, 1909, under the leadership of Adolfo Meléndez, then president of the Madrid club, a number of Spanish football clubs appointed special persons to establish the Spanish Football Association in the capital Madrid. On September 23, 1913, in order to increase the authority of the Spanish Football Association, the then King Alfonso XIII of Spain decided to award the Spanish Football Association the title of "Royal". The Royal Spanish Football Association, which played a role in promoting football development, was born.

为了确保西班牙足球的稳定发展,自1902年以来,许多大型俱乐部已开始计划建立领先的国家足球协会。 1909年10月4日,在当时的马德里俱乐部主席阿道夫·梅伦德斯(AdolfoMeléndez)的领导下,许多西班牙足球俱乐部任命特别人士在首都马德里成立西班牙足球协会。 1913年9月23日,为了提高西班牙足球协会的权威,当时的西班牙国王阿方索十三世决定授予西班牙足球协会“皇家”的头衔。西班牙皇家足球协会在促进足球发展中发挥了作用。

On July 28, 1914, the First World War broke out. The war process is mainly the battle between the Allies and the Allies. Among them, the German Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria belong to the Allies, while the British Empire, the Third French Republic, the Kingdom of Italy, the Russian Empire, and the United States of America belong to the Allies. .

1914年7月28日,第一次世界大战爆发。战争过程主要是同盟国与同盟国之间的战斗。其中,德意志帝国,奥斯曼帝国,奥匈帝国和保加利亚王国属于同盟国,而大英帝国,第三法兰西共和国,意大利王国,俄罗斯帝国和美国属于盟军。 。

The main battlefield of World War I was in Europe. Germany needed to face Britain and France and other countries on the Western Front, and faced the mighty Russian Empire on the Eastern Front. At the beginning of the war, Germany sent a large number of troops to launch a fierce attack on the western front. However, Britain and France and other countries resisted stubbornly in the Battle of the Marne, and the Russian Empire increased its troops on the eastern front, which completely shattered Germany's attempt to make a quick fight. Against this background, the warring parties on the Western Front began to build trenches and entered a long-term confrontation phase.


As we all know, although Germany can deal with countries such as Britain, France and Russia on land, the navy is their disadvantage. In February 1917, the German government announced "unrestricted submarine warfare", which meant that German submarines could sink any merchant ships bound for British waters without warning. The purpose of this tactic is very clear, namely by cutting off the sea to block the British, which at that time possessed sea dominance.

众所周知,尽管德国可以在陆地上与英国,法国和俄罗斯等国打交道,但海军是它们的劣势。 1917年2月,德国政府宣布“无限制潜艇战”,这意味着德国潜艇可以在不发出警告的情况下击沉任何开往英国水域的商船。这一策略的目的非常明确,即切断海域以封锁当时拥有海上优势的英国人。

On February 3, 1917, President Wilson announced the severance of diplomatic relations with Germany in Congress


The unrestricted submarine warfare carried out by Germany seriously harmed the interests of American merchant ships. In addition, the United States was born out of the British colony, and they naturally became closer to the Allied Alliance where the United Kingdom was located. Therefore, the United States officially announced the severance of diplomatic relations with Germany in February 1917 and declared war on Germany on April 6 of the same year.


Since there is a war, soldiers are needed. The U.S. government immediately launched a series of work on cultivating recruits immediately after declaring war on Germany. It was during this period that the Spanish flu broke out in the U.S. military camp.


American recruits with Spanish flu


In March 1918, the Finston Barracks in Kansas, USA, experienced dizziness, high fever, muscle aches, and loss of appetite for the first time. In less than a month, more than 1,000 people in the Finston barracks contracted the flu and more than 40 people died. According to common sense, no matter what degree of infectious disease occurs in the military camp, it must be isolated and observed as soon as possible. However, the United States at that time was under a high degree of enthusiasm for war, and the first phase of influenza was mostly mild, so it did not attract too many people's attention.


More than a month later, the recruits in the Finston Barracks officially set foot on the ship to Europe. They not only brought a wealth of weapons and ammunition to Britain and France, but also brought the flu that was about to sweep the world.


In Europe, Britain became the first country to be infected, followed by France, Germany, Russia and other countries. Many friends may have some doubts when they see this: Spain is neither the source of the flu, nor the country most affected by the flu. Why do people call this flu the "Spanish flu"?


News about "Spanish Flu" published in Indiana, USA


During the First World War, Spain remained neutral, and the government did not establish a wartime information censorship system (the so-called wartime information censorship system refers to the prohibition of news releases that are unfavorable to the war). Therefore, when the British, French and German censorship agencies reduced the flu reports to a minimum, the major Spanish media truthfully reported the spread of the flu on the European continent, even the reports that their King Alfonso XIII was infected with the flu. As a result, many people who do not know the truth often think that Spain is the birthplace and concentrated outbreak area of ​​the flu, and the term "Spanish flu" has begun to spread throughout the world.


In Spain, people naturally deny that the outside world has misunderstood the origin of influenza and the area of ​​large-scale outbreak. They believe that this kind of influenza was introduced to Spain from France, so they named it "French influenza" (this name is only used in Spain, other The country still calls this flu the "Spanish flu").


What is the direct connection between the large-scale outbreak of the Spanish flu and the Madrid club's royal title? To explain this problem, we need to combine the social background in Spain at that time.


Alfonso XIII


In 1918, the victory and defeat of the First World War became more apparent, and Spain gradually faced a difficult social and political situation. The then King Alfonso XIII ruled a socially divided country: due to the collapse of trade routes caused by large-scale wars, most of the people in Spain were in poverty, and the social class conflict reached its peak since the 20th century.


The first report on influenza came from the capital Madrid. On May 22, 1918, the front page of the Abbeyza newspaper described in detail the spread of influenza in major cities in Spain. Since Madrid will hold a large holiday celebration in the third week of May, people will gather in banquet halls and public places for entertainment during this period, which also increases the possibility of influenza transmission.

关于流感的第一份报告来自首都马德里。 1918年5月22日,Abbeyza报纸的头版详细描述了流感在西班牙主要城市的传播。由于马德里将在5月的第三周举行大型的节日庆祝活动,因此在此期间,人们将聚集在宴会厅和公共场所进行娱乐,这也增加了传播流感的可能性。

In less than a week, Madrid was completely swallowed by the flu. According to the Abbesai newspaper, the onset of the flu is very short. Some people are normal in the morning, get sick at noon, and die at night. On May 28th, King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the Prime Minister of Spain and some cabinet members also contracted the flu.

在不到一周的时间里,马德里被流感完全吞噬了。根据Abbesai报纸的报道,流感的发作很短。有些人早上正常,中午生病,晚上死亡。 5月28日,西班牙国王阿方索十三世,西班牙总理和一些内阁成员也感染了流感。

It is unimaginable that until this time there are still many Spanish people who still did not pay enough attention to the formation of the flu. Many Madrid citizens referred to this type of flu as "Soldado de Napoles" ("Naples soldiers") to tease the very popular musical "Lacanción del olvido" at the time.

不可想象的是,直到现在,仍然有许多西班牙人仍然没有对流感的形成给予足够的重视。许多马德里市民称这种流感为“ Soldado de Napoles”(“那不勒斯士兵”),以取笑当时非常流行的音乐剧《Lacancióndel olvido》。

Map of Europe in 1918


Workers in the Spanish health department believe that the flu may come from workers. Due to seasonal rail transportation, these migrant workers are likely to be the “culprits” who introduced the flu to Spain. Within two months, the flu departed from central and southern France, with the help of a north-to-east, north-south railway, and spread to almost all provinces in Spain. Just when people thought that the flu was about to devour lives, the disease suddenly disappeared in just a few months, and everything seemed to be completely normal.


The second wave of influenza infection began in September 1918, peaked in October, and gradually weakened in December 1918. The flu mortality rate during this period was extremely high, with 0.5 to 14 deaths per 1,000 residents. The above picture records the number of deaths per 1,000 people in Spain from September to December 1918. The blue bar graph shows the average number of deaths per 1,000 people from September to December from 1913 to 1917. The orange bar graph Indicates the increase in the number of deaths per 1,000 people from September to December 1918.


The third wave of influenza infection began in January 1919 and ended in June of the same year. The severity and duration of the flu during this period are less than those of the second wave of infection, and the number of deaths per 1,000 people is only 0.07 to 1.4. According to statistics released by the Spanish government, there were 147,114, 21,235 and 17,825 deaths in 1918, 1919, and 1920, respectively.


The flu not only caused a large number of deaths, but also dealt a fatal blow to Spain's already depressed economy and employment situation. After that, the national health protection system began to cause people to think deeply. In order to express the government's determination to attach importance to public health, King Alfonso XIII of Spain decided to bestow the "Royal" crown on the Madrid Football Club.


Of course, the use of clubs to promote the government’s determination to protect public health is only one of the reasons. The author believes that there are two reasons for the Madrid club to win the Royal crown:


1. As a channel for the government to promote football


After the flu ended, the economic situation across Spain was in a state of desperation. In order to divert the public's attention, the Spanish government vigorously promoted football during this period. As one of the seven founding members of FIFA, the Madrid Club was the most prestigious team in Spanish football at the time. They naturally became an important channel for the government to promote football.


2. "Hostile" relationship with Barcelona


Juan Gamber


On November 29, 1899, the Swiss Juan Gamber founded the FC Barcelona in Barcelona. Unlike the name of the team, Barcelona from the management to the players are all "foreign legions". Such a team actually uses "Barcelona" as the name of the team. Such an approach naturally makes the Spanish government extremely dissatisfied. In order to curb Barcelona's idea of ​​recruiting a large number of foreign players, the Spanish government decided to grant the Madrid club the Royal title to show the government's emphasis on cultivating local players.

1899年11月29日,瑞士人胡安·甘伯(Juan Gamber)在巴塞罗那建立了巴塞罗那足球俱乐部。与球队的名字不同,巴塞罗那从管理层到球员都是“外国军团”。这样的团队实际上使用“巴塞罗那”作为团队的名称。这样的做法自然使西班牙政府非常不满意。为了遏制巴塞罗那招募大量外国球员的想法,西班牙政府决定授予马德里俱乐部以皇家头衔,以表明政府对培养本地球员的重视。

At the same time, the Catalonia region where Barcelona is located has always had a strong independence in Spanish history. Today, news about Catalan independence still appears frequently. As the most prestigious football club in Catalonia, Barcelona has stood firmly in the independent queue since the birth of the team (the first written charter in the history of the Barcelona team was written in the banned Catalan script at the time of).


Early Barcelona lineup


From the point of view of the Spanish government, they naturally tried their best to limit the development of Barcelona. However, Barcelona at that time relied more on foreign businessmen to invest, and did not rely much on government support. In addition, they had a good reputation in European football and had a certain base of overseas fans. The Spanish government wants to sanction Barcelona on the face of it is not realistic, they can only use the support of the Madrid club to show their attitude.


Time flies, and the current royal title has long lost its original meaning, but the showdown between Real Madrid and Barcelona is still one of the biggest highlights of Spanish football and even European football. The meaning of "Spanish National Derby" has long surpassed football itself and has become an important part of Spanish culture.

时间飞逝,目前的皇家头衔早已失去了其本来的含义,但皇家马德里和巴塞罗那之间的对决仍然是西班牙足球乃至欧洲足球的最大亮点之一。 “西班牙国家德比”的含义早已超越了足球本身,并已成为西班牙文化的重要组成部分。

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